Posts Tagged 'Windows 8'

HTML5, .NET, and Silverlight: Why So Serious?

Why all the anxiety about Microsoft’s support for JavaScript+HTML5?

In a perfect world, there shouldn’t be any fuss. HTML5 is the latest iteration of the HTML specification and builds into HTML a ton of goodies that developers have had to either shoehorn in with other tools (e.g. Flash), implement by misusing other tools (using CSS classes to tag similar items), or just give up on doing (everything else). Obviously, Microsoft is obliged to implement the standard in Internet Explorer just to stay competitive with the other browsers. And, as the HTML5 spec gets implemented in various browsers, it seems reasonable that ASP.NET/MVC developers are going to want to use those features that turn out to be genuinely useful. So Microsoft is also obliged to support those features in Visual Studio and ASP.NET/MVC.

The issue is Windows 8. Windows 8 gives HTML+JavaScript developers the ability to create applications that have equal standing in Windows 8 with applications built using other development tools (e.g. with Silverlight and XAML based technologies). To provide further integration with .NET, Microsoft also offers the ability to compile .NET libraries into a new file format that allows the objects in those libraries to be called from JavaScript code. On the face of it, this doesn’t seem like major a step (and was probably easier to do  than getting C++ and Visual Basic applications to interoperate in Windows 3.x and COM).

Of course, this support may be a waste of Microsoft’s time—nobody may want to build Windows 8 applications with HTML5+JavaScript (remember Active Desktop? How about Microsoft Bob?). But the company has money in the bank and, who knows?  This initiative could be as important as Microsoft Binder Windows Media Player.

It’s Silverlight developers that are really concerned. In Silverlight, you can do much more, in much less time than you ever could in any version of HTML+ JavaScript—and do it more reliably, to boot. And, like an HTML app, you can deliver Silverlight applications over the Internet to (almost) anyone who has a browser. Unfortunately, Microsoft has announced that Silverlight won’t run on every platform in the known universe (and, we assume, HTML5+JavaScript applications will). That wouldn’t be an astounding announcement…except that the platforms that Microsoft won’t try to get Silverlight to run on are both the hot thing right now and the presumptive future of computing: Smartphones and tablets.

It’s hard to imagine that Microsoft could get Silverlight to run on either Android or iOS (heck, iOS won’t even run Flash). What bothers Silverlight developers is that Microsoft isn’t even going to try. The only potential good news is that Windows Phone on Nokia could become a real player and Windows 8 could show up on some tablet. It says something about the faith that Silverlight developers have in those platforms that they don’t find much consolation in that.

But their real worry is that, answering the siren call of HTML5, Microsoft is actually planning to give up on Silverlight altogether in favour of HTML5+JavaScript. That would leave Silverlight developers in the backwaters of the brave new world (i.e. stuck on desktops and laptops) where they’ll gradually drift into the Swamp of Obsolescent Technologies (right next to the Island of Misfit Toys)**. Some Silverlight developers have gone so far as to suggest that Microsoft should abandon all of ASP.NET and make Silverlight the sole .NET tool for delivering applications through a browser.

Personally, I don’t think any of those things are going to happen. I don’t see Silverlight going away. Developers are so much more productive with Silverlight than they are in HTML+JavaScript that Silverlight will remain a popular choice for both desktop and intranet development…or any development not targeted at smartphones and tablets. And HTML+JavaScript will remain the most popular choice for developers who are interested in reaching everyone but don’t want to rebuild the same application in four different proprietary development tools. It’s worthwhile to note that I think almost as many developers attend Learning Tree’s WPF and Silverlight course as come to the ASP.NET WebForms course that I wrote for Learning Tree.

But, on the other hand, I am going to learn HTML5 (and be keenly interested in seeing if Learning Tree’s HTML5 course attracts lots of developers). I’ll also be brush uping my JavaScript skills. I’d like to see one of my apps running on an iOS, Android or BlackBerry phone. That would be cool.

Peter Vogel

**over-extended, gratuitous metaphor


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